Extreme Dryness and forest fires on electricity and transport networks
Simultaneous forest fires ignite in the Bouche du Rhone department near Aix en Porvence, and in the Alpes Maritimes Department, at the French/Italian frontier, near a highway (A8) used by thousands of tourists. Due to the important smoke production, visibility is strongly reduced so that highway has to be closed, leading to an important traffic on the secondary road networks. The crossing of the frontier by car being completely impossible, traffic between France and Italy has to be diverted. Tourists are confined on highway rest areas. People, blocked on the roads, have difficulties to breathe because of the smoke and leave their cars, scattering into the nature. Additional accidents are caused because of the panic of people. Due to aerial firefighting, electricity lines have to be cut. Due to the fire smoke, aerial traffic in Nice airport has to be stopped. Numerous dwellings are without electricity and of course without telephones. Other emergency operations are disturbed because of the large delay of alert, major dispersion of means, decrease of available means.
Presentation: EU-CIRCLE Case Study 1
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